NOTES ON SURNAMES (HULL) 20
FUGILL Although Paul Reaney’s dictionary of English surnames doesn’t list this surname separately he does give some versions of Fugill under the name Fowle.
This last means ‘fowl’ or ‘bird’ of course, and so it seems that we must regard Fugill as having the same meaning. I did believe in the past that it might be locative, incorporating the word gill, ‘ravine’, possibly ful-gill, ‘dirty ravine’. There is such a place, now Fowgill, in the old West Riding, but no sign of a connection with the surname.
So we settle for the ‘bird’ explanation and consider Reaney’s notices.
First, a forename (baptismal? nickname?) Fugel de Hoilanda, Yorkshire, 1177. I interpret ‘Hoilanda’ as Hoyland in south Yorkshire.
Reaney also has Thomas Fuggill, 1632, and William Fugghill, 1685 (Yorkshire Rolls). These are Thomas Fuggill of Yapham, near Pocklington in the East Riding, and William, also recorded as William Fewgill, of the same place.
So Reaney’s Fugill-like examples belong to East Yorkshire. But other sources yield earlier notices –
Thomas Fugall, vicar of Hessle and Hull. 1561. His name is also spelt Fewgale and Fewgell.
Richard Fugill, Hessle, 1584.
Thomas Fugill, Lowthorpe, 1584.
John Fogill (sic), Yapham, 1584.
These three all in the East Riding Muster Rolls for 1584.
In Hull Fugill, usually so spelt, appears regularly in the Parish registers in the 17th century. The Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, vol. 26, records a Fugill coat of arms, viz.,
bendy, in chief three lozenges (no tinctures). These are the arms of Captain William Fugill, who is without doubt “William Fugill Captaine” buried at Holy Trinity, 23rd April 1656. The rank of captain was probably military, as sea captain’s were usually referred to as ship’s master at the time.
Another burial recorded in the Holy Trinity parish register is that of “Mr. Fugil, stationer” in 1678. C.W. Chilton, “Early Hull Printers and Booksellers” (1982) tells us more about William Fugill.
He was born at Hessle c.1622, apprenticed to John Awdley ,stationer, in 1638. The apprenticeship was not completed as Awdley left Hull in 1644. However, William purchased his freedom later that year, so becoming free to practise his trade. In November 1644 he married Mary Best. They had five children, including Jonathan, who was apprenticed to his father and was admitted burgess in 1674.
Jonathan Fugill, wife and children are listed in the tax assessments, 1695.